Print your hands with ease after watching this short video and following the instructions below: Let’s Get Inky! Instructions for printing your hands and fingertips Approximate time to complete: 10 minutes. Please read through instructions before starting. Note: If you have any cuts or open wounds on either of your hands, please wait until they are healed before printing your hands. Preparation: Remove jewelry. Wash hands and let dry. Before starting, set up materials on countertop near sink with running warm water. Materials 4-6 pieces of 8 ½ X 11 blank white paper Pre inked velum/paper set (6″X10″ fingerprint ink sheets available for purchase at or from the AAHA- Email [email protected] for client readings) Paper towels Soap and gentle scouring pad to wash ink off hands after printing Example of printed hand and finger tips (below) Getting started Lay out stack of 4-6 pieces of 8 ½ X 11 white paper on countertop. Set pre-inked paper set next to stack of white paper Carefully, pull apart the pre-inked paper set by pulling top sheet away from the bottom sheet at one of the corners. Turn over the top sheet of pre-inked paper so that both inked sides are facing up, next to each other. Instructions Start with your right hand. Step 1: Lay your right hand on one of the two inked sheets of paper/velum. Firmly, press on the back of your hand so that your palm and fingers are pressed into the ink. With the sheet of inked paper still stuck to your hand, lift your hand and press the inked paper into the center of your palm and fingers. Move the inked sheet around your hand so that the ink is distributed evenly over your hand. Your entire palm, fingers, finger tips should all be well coated with ink. Pull the inked paper off of your hand and be sure your entire hand is covered in ink. Reapply the same ink sheet if needed to any area of your hand that is missing ink. Set the inked paper aside. Step 2: With your inked hand and fingers in a comfortable and natural position, press your hand onto the 8 ½ X 11 blank white paper. Lay your hand onto the paper beginning with the base of the palm, slowly pressing as you push firmly down through to the top of the hand, ending with the upper sections of your fingers. With your hand on the paper, press the back of your hand, fingers and fingertips. Lift your hand, with the paper attached to your hand, gently press up underneath the paper so that the paper presses into the center of your palm, and your fingers. Pull the white paper off your hand and set your handprint aside. See that you have a print of your entire hand, including the center of your palm, and fingers, as much as possible. Sometimes the center of the palm does not print, that’s okay. Do the best you can do. If needed, you can use the same pre-inked sheet and reapply more ink and take a 2nd print. Step 3: Print each fingertip on the bottom of the two papers with your handprint (see example included). Place the appropriate digit under each label (Thumb, Index, Middle, Ring and Pinkie) Starting with your thumb, place your thumb on the inked sheet of paper enough to cover the entire upper section of your thumb. Take your inked thumb and press it onto one of sheets with your handprint starting at the lower left side of the print, under your palm print. Repeat this for each of your fingers. A print of your index fingerprint pattern should be placed next to your thumbprint, on the bottom of the page. In a row, repeat with your middle, ring, and pinkie fingers. Then label each of your fingerprints as noted in Fig. 2. Step 4: Wash your hands with soap, warm water and a scrubbing pad (if needed). Step 5: With you left hand repeat step 1 thru 3 on another blank piece of 8 ½ X 11 white paper. Step 6: Write your first and last name and the date the print was taken on all sheets with your handprints. Let prints dry on counter top before stacking them together. For clients: After prints are dry, return 2 sets of prints of each hand and fingerprints in the US mail to Kay in the pre-addressed and stamped envelope. Please include your payment with your handprints (Check payable to Kay Packard or Paypal to [email protected]). We’ll schedule your appointment as soon as your hand prints are received. Example Print Click to purchase your 1.5 hour Hand Analysis Session with Kay; $497 US

How to Take Photos and Prints of Your Hands

If you are planning to have a Recorded Video Session with me, please send prints or photos of your hands following the instructions below. You have two solutions: 1. The Quick Solution: Photos of your Hands + Crude Handprints — A faster solution, but you won’t be able to see whether your hands have changed over time 2. The More Involved Solution: Clear Handprints — So you can to keep track of your changes over time. Scroll down to watch the video.

1. The Quick Solution: Photos of your Hands + Crude Handprints

Photos of Your Hands

Three (3) samples of both hands are required for the reading. Please read those instructions carefully BEFORE you take the pictures.

First sample
First sample: — Put your hand flat on a surface in a position that is natural for you (i.e. the fingers can be separated or held together depending on what feels right for you.) Take a photo of the back of your hand (preferably without nail polish or fake nails).
Second sample

Second sample: — Hold your hand up, with your fingers straight, so that the photo shows the inside of your palms and your fingers.
Third sample

Third sample: — Take a close-up picture of your palm. Make sure it shows all details (including skin ridges and small lines). Don’t send any blurry pictures. Important Tips for Photos — Both hands can be on the same photo, or you can take a photo of each hand separately.
— The hands need to be well lighted. Natural light is a lot better than electric light. Click here for a sample of the level of detail required.
— Make sure the camera is perpendicular to the hand, so that the length of the fingers is not distorted.
— Do not get the camera too close to the hand, which may make the picture fuzzy or distorted. Instead, use the zoom.
— Your photos should be large enough to show details (minimum width of 1000 pixels), but make sure that your whole email is no more than 10 megs.
— When sending your photos, indicate whether you are right- or left-handed, i.e. the hand you use to sign documents.

Crude Handprints

Since photos lack important information, «crude» prints of your hands are necessary. Such handprints don’t show the details of your lines, but they reveal the natural position of the fingers and the size of the mounts. For your crude prints, don’t buy anything! Just be creative: you can use substances such as lipstick, paint, chocolate, dark makeup foundation, ink, etc. Greasy substances – like dark lipstick – work best. Check your kitchen or your bathroom!

Crude handprint samples
You can then scan those prints or take a photo of them with an app like OfficeLens, making sure your phone is straight above the prints (not at an angle) so that your fingers are not distorted. I need to be able to compare the size of your palm with the size of your fingers.

2. The More Involved Solution: Clear Handprints

How to take good handprints at homeThe above video explains the whole process step by step. You can also read the instructions below. After experimenting with various methods of taking handprints at home, I came to the conclusion that the inexpensive «Ink pad/Roller» combination gave the best results. Ink pad and roller

Ink Pad and Roller Combination
Keep this equipment in a safe place to take your own handprints on a regular basis, i.e. every year or so. You will be able to check if your hands have changed, and whether you need a new palmistry session. You may also want to take handprints for the whole family!

The Print-Taking Process

Hand on Paper You will need:

  • An ink pad
  • A roller
  • Newspapers to protect the table on which you will take your prints
  • At least four sheets of standard format white paper
  • Running water nearby, with paper towels and liquid dish detergent

Roller on own hands 1. Remove any jewellery from your hands and wrists and roll up your sleeves. I suggest you start taking prints of your non-dominant hand (the left hand for 90% of the population.) 2. Roll the roller on the ink pad, to cover it with a thin layer of ink. Then apply the inked roller everywhere on your palm. Roll the thumb Tip: Avoid the temptation to apply too much ink on your hand. It will make your lines disappear. Make sure the lines are visible on your inked hand. 3. To take the actual print, place your inked, left hand down in the middle of one of the white sheets of paper, in a natural position. Use your right hand to press firmly down on the back of your left palm (press only once to avoid smudges). Roll the thumb 4. For the fingers, begin by pressing down the thumb. It needs to be rolled slightly so the shape of its tip can appear on the print. Then press each phalange of each finger firmly, starting with the phalange closer to the palm and going up. Do the index finger first, then the middle finger, ring finger, and baby finger. 5. Before removing your hand, hold the paper down on the table with heavy objects at the top of the sheet, and two fingers of your right hand at the bottom of the sheet. This will keep your left hand from sticking to the paper. Lift up your left hand in a quick, vertical motion. Hand in glove 6. Take more than one print of each hand, repeating the inking step before each print. 7. Don’t wash your left hand yet. Wear a disposable glove on this hand or, if you don’t have any, put your hand in a plastic bag, and tie it with an elastic band around your wrist. 8. Repeat the entire process (2 to 6), taking prints of your right hand.

Hand Cleaning

When you have taken clear prints of both hands, clean your hands using the following 3-part process: Dishwashing Liquid 1) Pour some liquid dish detergent on your hands and rub the inked parts of your hands together without using any water. When the ink is starting to dissolve, wipe off your hands with a paper towel.
2) Repeat the first step – again without water – and dissolve most of the ink before wiping off your hands a second time.
3) Wash your hands normally with soap and water. Your hands should now be clean! You can use the same process to clean the roller for next use. Don’t forget to write your full name and the current date on each print. If you are getting your prints analyzed, specify whether you are right-handed or left-handed (i.e., the hand you sign with). If you want to scan your prints to send them by email, choose a resolution of at least 300 ppi (pixels per inch) and make sure the ink is dry before you start the scan. If you don’t have a scanner, take photos of the prints with an app like Office Lens.

Problems and Solutions

Taking good handprints requires a bit of practice. You may run into a few problems that can be easily fixed. Please download the 4-page PDF document that provides solutions for the following problems:

  • A hole in the middle of the palm
  • Double lines or smudges
  • Parts that shouldn’t appear on the print
  • Pressing too hard
  • Rolled fingertips
  • Printing of the thumb
  • Indented edges of the hand
  • Rolled fingertips
  • Outline of Luna and Mars Negative
  • Ambivalent prints
  • Hand opening
  • Distorted photos

Possible Problems and Solutions
Click on picture to access PDF document
Don’t hesitate to take many prints. As Immanuel Kant said, “The hand is the visible part of the brain.” You probably know that our hands change all the time, reflecting what is happening in our brain and our life. Consequently, handprints are actually a snapshot of what is happening within you at a specific time of your life. Isn’t it worth spending a little time and effort on taking the best snapshot possible? hand print “..… why the examination of the hand rather than an imprint is of little or no use to the expert. It is not possible to make an accurate and detailed examination of the hands just by looking at them, for many of the vital but minute details are not clearly apparent. Further, it is essential to make a studied survey of an imprint at leisure, and to keep detailed account of these markings, for they will change in time, and these changes reveal a great deal.” This quote by the late palmist Noel Jaquin says it all, almost. I like to take the printing process a step further, by creating a ‘hand chart’, consisting of key words and any perceptions I might have and writing them all down around the set of prints. Drawing (I call it ‘downloading’) hand charts are a fantastic way to accelerate your knowledge of how to interpret the markings on the hands. But the how-to of creating a hand chart will be next months’ topic. For today, we are looking into the easiest way to take inked prints. When I first began to print people’s palms, the doing of the printing seemed very effortful and difficult. My first clumsy efforts were done with cheap red lipstick which actually works quite well especially if you spray the prints with fixative or hairspray. I still have many a red lipstick palm print in my collection. Eventually I sourced my first printing ‘kit’ consisting of: 1 ink roller – 10cm width works well Water soluble block/lino printing ink e.g. ROLFES White copy paper Tile or glass square Pen and newspaper This is how to take clear hand prints:

  • Place a few layers of newspaper onto a table, and position the tile, ink, roller and plain white paper on the newspaper.
  • Hands to be clean, dry and free of jewellery. Stroke their palmar surface to assess the skin texture. Earth and fire skin are drier and need more ink than moist water or smooth air skin.
  • Squeeze a small amount of ink onto the tile, and by using the tile, you spread the ink evenly onto the roller.
  • Take one of your friends’ hands and apply the ink to it, using long strokes. Work the ink into the deeper folds and lines on their hand.
  • Ask them to place their hand onto the white paper, making sure the hand is relaxed, aligned with the wrist, and in its most natural position. They must not press down, just relaxed and natural. If you wish, draw an outline of the hand.
  • Now to ensure that the hollow of the palm is clearly printed, slide the paper (and the hand) off the edge of the table and press upward from beneath the wad of newspaper, with your fingertips, into the hollow of the hand. Peel off the paper from the hand.
  • Make sure that the thumb tip phalange is inked, and let them LIGHTLY press just their thumb onto the paper, using NO rolling or pressure. If you wish, outline the thumb.
  • Repeat this process with their other hand.
  • Write their name, date, date of birth, and are they right or left hand active? Other relevant information would be: scars, moles, warts, nail shapes, hair, flexibility etc. or anything else that seems significant.

For many years, the criminal justice community has relied on latent fingerprints to identify perpetrators of crimes. More recently, advancements in technology have allowed palm prints to also be used for identification purposes, adding to agencies’ crime-solving arsenals. It is estimated that 30 percent of latent prints found at crime scenes come from palms.1 That estimate is not surprising when one considers the amount of surface on a palm compared to that of a fingerprint. The larger surface area also provides more characteristics for comparison. A fingerprint can have 150 characteristics versus about 1,500 on a palm print.2 However, for this evidence to be of use, agencies must ensure they capture palm prints correctly during booking. The quality of the palm prints is important, as it is with fingerprints.

The National Palm Print System

When the FBI launched the National Palm Print System (NPPS) on May 5, 2013, it dramatically expanded investigators’ access to palm prints, which were previously stored within individual federal, state, local, and tribal law enforcement agencies’ databases.3 The NPPS is part of the FBI’s Next Generation Identification (NGI) System, and it serves as a virtual storage facility of palm print images and the identities of those to whom they belong. This national database is a central resource for any agency to come to look for an offender’s identity against a national biometric repository of event-based criminal, civil, and unsolved latent biometrics. Agencies can submit palm prints found at crime scenes to the NPPS to see if matching prints are on record within the NGI System. Currently, the NPPS maintains more than 20 million unique palm print identities and more than 42 million individual palm print images tied to those identities, all of which are available for investigative leads. In addition, the NGI’s Unsolved Latent File (ULF) consists of a variety of unsolved latent prints previously searched through the NGI System whose owners have not yet been identified. Since the NPPS’s deployment in 2013, many U.S. police agencies are now submitting palm print images. Currently, 48 states along with agencies in Washington, DC; Guam; and Puerto Rico submit palm prints to the NPPS. Participating agencies have reported numerous successful outcomes directly related to palm print matches. The following are two examples of cases solved with the help of the NPPS. The FBI conducts a Biometric Identification Award program to recognize major violent crime cases that are solved with NGI. One prime example is how the Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department won the 2018 Biometric Identification Award for identifying a suspect with assistance from a palm print match from the NPPS (see sidebar). An informative video about this case and others can be found on the FBI’s Biometric Identification Awards webpage.4 NPPS Success Stories Moore, Oklahoma In June 2012, a 44-year-old man’s body was discovered lying in his driveway in Moore, Oklahoma. The only evidence found at the scene was a pair of palm prints on a truck near the body. Investigators collected the palm print images and searched them through the Oklahoma State Bureau of Identification’s (OSBI’s) Automated Fingerprint Identification System, but no match was found. No national palm print database existed at the time, and authorities were unable to identify whom the palm prints belonged to. The case stalled due to lack of information. Shortly after the NPPS’s deployment in 2013, the OSBI began a special project to review cold cases for unidentified latent prints suitable for a search through NGI. In February 2014, the OSBI ran the palm prints from the 2012 case in Moore, Oklahoma, through NGI. After finding no matches, the OSBI added the palm prints to NGI’s ULF. In March 2016, a criminalist from the OSBI’s Latent Evidence Unit received an Unsolved Latent Match notification on the submitted latent palm prints, so she requested palm prints from the Criminal Justice Information Services (CJIS) Division. A senior criminalist compared the palm prints from the crime scene to the ones stored in the NPPS and identified the subject they belonged to. When authorities contacted the subject—who was living in Texas—he eventually admitted that on the day of the incident, he had driven his roommate to the house belonging to the roommate’s mother in Oklahoma. The two men encountered the roommate’s stepfather, and they began to physically fight. At this point in the story, details vary, but the stepfather ended up dead in the driveway. The medical examiner determined the victim died from blunt force trauma injuries and possible asphyxia due to an assault. Now, police had the name of two suspects in the case. They arrested the roommate on September 8, 2016, and the subject turned himself in to the police days later. The only forensic evidence was the palm prints from the scene. Prosecutors dismissed the charges for the roommate in February 2017, but in January 2018, the subject was found guilty of one count of First-Degree Manslaughter for his role in the victim’s death. The Vegas, Nevada In November 2016, the Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department (LVMPD) began investigating an incident involving an elderly female victim. She lived alone and was sleeping in her apartment when an individual pried open her bathroom window and entered her home. The suspect went to the woman’s bedroom and attempted to sexually assault her. The woman resisted until the suspect gave up on the assault and demanded money instead. The victim gave the suspect $26, and he fled through the front door. During the attack, the woman sustained injuries to her mouth, arms, and back. Detectives investigated the incident until they exhausted all leads. The only possibility for identifying the suspect rested on the analysis of several latent palm prints discovered on the victim’s bathroom windowsill. A search of the LVMPD database produced no matches, so detectives initiated a search through the NGI System. NGI returned a match, and detectives learned the identity of the suspect within 24 hours of the crime. Two days later, authorities took the suspect into custody and charged him with Attempted Sexual Assault, Robbery, Burglary, and Battery to Commit Sexual Assault. In January 2017, the suspect pled guilty to a felony charge of Attempted Sexual Assault and was required to register as a sex offender. He was sentenced to 8 to 20 years in the Nevada Department of Corrections and lifetime supervision. The Cost of Incomplete Palm Print Images Unfortunately, not all palm prints submitted by state agencies make it into the NPPS. Currently, 18 state agencies submitting to the federal database have less than an 80 percent enrollment rate with 6 of the agencies having less than 50 percent of their palm prints enrolled. The reason is simple: if a subject’s palm print images are not correctly and clearly captured during the booking process, print examiners cannot distinguish important details in the prints. Thus, as Scott Rago, chief over the FBI’s biometric services, says, “Storing the images is pointless, and they are rejected for submission into the NPPS.”5 Palm prints submitted to the NPPS that do not meet the enrollment standard will not have an opportunity to be searched against records in the ULF. This results in a failure to identify potential suspects and, subsequently, fewer solved crimes. It is impossible to estimate the number of criminal investigations these failed palm print enrollments affect, but when one considers there are more than 850,000 records currently housed in the ULF, with more than 25,000 unknown latent prints processed through the national system monthly, prospective matches are most certainly being missed. The following scenario is fictional but serves as an example of how unacceptable palm print images can thwart crime-solving efforts. In November 2017, a body was discovered in an abandoned vehicle parked next to a state park. The victim, a 34-year-old female, was apparently strangled and left in a vehicle that was registered in her name. Little physical evidence was found at the crime scene; however, evidence technicians from the local police department (PD) discovered a palm print on the vehicle and searched it through the national and state databases. Investigators did not identify any matches and exhausted all other leads. No other evidence was found, and the case stalled. Six months after the unsolved homicide—and more than 400 miles away—a deputy sheriff conducted a traffic stop on an individual whose car had an expired registration. During the traffic stop, the subject was found to be breaking multiple laws, so he was arrested and charged with multiple offenses, including drug violations, and was subsequently held at the local jail. During the booking process, officers captured the offender’s palm prints and submitted them to the NPPS. Unfortunately, the offender’s palm prints were not properly captured, so the palm print images were unable to be enrolled or searched against the unsolved latent prints in the national system. Had the subject’s palm prints been captured correctly, the NPPS would have notified the police department that the palm prints of the person arrested by the sheriff’s office matched the latent palm prints from the homicide they were investigating. Due to the improperly captured palm prints, the cold case would remain unsolved. Unfortunately, this type of scenario occurs too often, causing crimes to remain unsolved.

Capturing a Quality Palm Print

It is well-known among law enforcement personnel that the booking process—paperwork and capturing a subject’s prints—adds to an already long, busy day. These duties become even more challenging when the subject is uncooperative. However, it is important to remember that more than 18,000 federal, state, local, and tribal law enforcement agencies rely on the completeness and accuracy of the information submitted to the NPPS, and it all begins at the booking station. A few extra moments spent capturing the prints could be the difference between identifying a suspect in an investigation or letting that suspect escape justice. It is worth the time to learn what makes complete and acceptable palm print captures. The anatomy of the palm

Parts of the Palm

Palm Print Left Full Palm Palm Print Left Writer’s Edge
Palm Print Left Upper Palm Print Left Lower

The entire area of the full palm is defined as the area extending from the top of the wrist bracelet to the tips of the fingers. The types of equipment to capture palm prints vary, but there are two accepted ways to properly capture full palm prints: four-scanned images or six-scanned images. The ultimate goal is that the fingerprint images can be linked to the palm print images, establishing a complete subject identity.
Four-image capture of palm prints. A four-image capture of palm prints includes the full left and right palm prints (essentially two full hands) and the corresponding left and right writer’s palms (the outside edges of the hands). Six-image capture of palm prints. The six-image capture includes the upper image and lower image from each hand with the corresponding left and right writer’s palms for a total of six images. The lower image should extend from the wrist bracelet to the top of the first finger joint (interdigital area or proximal finger joint) and should include the thenar and hypothenar areas of the palms. The upper image should extend from the bottom of the interdigital area to the upper tips of the fingers. The combination of the lower and upper images provides an adequate amount of overlap in the middle of the images to make up one complete palm print belonging to the same person. Examiners accomplish this by matching the ridge structures and details contained in the common interdigital areas of both images. When finger impressions are captured in the upper image, examiners can match the palm print to a ten-print record (which includes 10 fingerprint images) and further confirm the subject’s identity.

What Makes a Quality Capture?

As with other biometrics, palm print image quality directly impacts system algorithm performance. This is true of both the initial image enrolled into the NPPS as well as the image collected for search against that repository at a later date. Insufficient ridge detail, dark spots or smudges on the images, and residue on the collection equipment can all lead to poor quality prints that cannot be added to the NPPS. However, according to analysts working in the Biometric Identification and Analysis Unit’s Palm Services and Analytical Team at the FBI’s CJIS Division, the overwhelming cause for non-enrollment is the lack of distal images (images of the fingers’ top joints to include the fingerprint areas) submitted with the palm print images. The FBI has a good explanation for why agencies need to submit distal images. When palm prints are submitted to the national database, they must be validated to ensure they match the identities of the individuals with the ten-print records. The segmentation software in the NGI System that the NPPS uses requires at least one fingerprint from each hand to perform an automated system validation. Palm prints that do not enroll might not have all ten distal images present in the upper palm prints or full palm print areas, causing the submissions to fail. When law enforcement agencies are unaware of the NPPS’s validation process, they could improperly capture palm print images, resulting in the images’ rejection. According to the FBI, in some cases, agencies do not possess the appropriate equipment to capture palm prints correctly. However, the primary cause of NPPS rejection is lack of training for those who capture palm prints during the booking process.

Resource to Improve Palm Print Capture

To support their partner agencies and ensure the NPPS has a gallery of high-quality known palm prints, the FBI is proactively working with state submitting agencies to correct these capture issues. The FBI has posted helpful guides to enhance users’ understanding of palm anatomy and provide a practical look at best practices for image captures. The FBI has published a Palm Print Capture Guide online.6 Users can also find an informational palm print poster.7 Law enforcement agencies can use the best practices guide and poster as reference tools for correctly capturing palm print images. In addition, agencies can find a link to a Recording Friction Ridges eLearning module.8 The NPPS will continue to expand and provide a reliable investigative resource for law enforcement agencies. As the size of the NPPS continues to grow, so too will the system’s utility to the criminal justice community. Notes: :1Ron Smith, “Advanced Palmprint Comparison Techniques” (presentation, International Association for Identification, Virginia Beach, VA, March 30, 2009). 2FBI, Recording Friction Ridges, (Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, 2020). 3FBI, “National Palm Print System Repository Available for Law Enforcement Access,” CJIS Link, April 30, 2019. 4FBI, Biometric Identification Awards, videos, U.S. Department of Justice. 5Scott A. Rago (section chief, Criminal Justice Information Services, FBI), email to author, May 14, 2020. 6FBI, A Practical Guide for Palm Print Capture (Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, 2019). 7 FBI, “Palm Print Capture,” poster, U.S. Department of Justice, 2019. 8 FBI, Recording Friction Ridges. Please cite as Gary Williams, “What Police Officers Need to Know About Palm Prints,” Police Chief online, December 9, 2020.

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